In the modern world, we are able to achieve just about anything with technology. Now that we live in the age of face transplants and are on the cusp of putting the first human on Mars, altering the food we eat is, quite literally, a piece of cake.
Genetically altering food is nothing new. Oh no. It's something that we have been doing for thousands of years. Yes - thousands! After all, food is one of the most important things in our lives, and we want to make sure that it's up to scratch.
To see what fruits and vegetables looked like before we domesticated them, check out the video below:
As a result, many common fruits and vegetables that we eat on a daily basis once looked very different before we domesticated them, which, in case you're wondering, is a much slower process than GMOs and can take hundreds of years.
Pictured below is a painting of watermelons from the 17th century by Giovanni Stanchi. The fruits look radically different from the watermelons we eat today. Painted between 1645 and 1672, the watermelons appear to have swirls in them.
In order to have more watermelon to eat, the fruit has been modified over time to increase the amount of its fleshy interior - also known as it's placenta. But because the differences between modern watermelons and those depicted in Stanchi's painting are so big, some people have speculated that he painted melons which aren't ripe, however, the black seeds disprove this.
2. Wild banana
Yes, as hard as it might be to believe, that is what bananas used to look like. In fact, the first ever bananas are speculated to have been cultivated around 7,000 years ago - possibly even 10,000 years ago.
Moden bananas were created from a combination of two wild varieties, Musa acuminata and Musa balbisiana, which had large, hard seeds, as depicted in the picture above.
Obviously, the large seeds would have made the wild bananas harder to eat, so it's easy to see why they were combined to create a variety that would be better for eating over time. I wonder how monkeys fared with the wild varieties back in the day!
As hard as it might be to believe, those distinctively orange-like fruits are, in fact, eggplants. Bizarrely, this fruit - it's not a vegetable - comes in a variety of shapes and colors, and the most primitive versions had their own spines.
It was only through the process of selective breeding that the modern eggplant came into existence. Obviously, it's a lot larger than its predecessors, giving us more to eat, and the stem has also been removed from it.
Who'd have thought that wild carrots are basically Groots?! You learn something new every day.
The earliest known carrots in existence were not orange, but purple or white and had a thin, forked root. Over time, however, this purple pigment was lost and carrots became a yellow color. But how on Earth did they eventually end up orange? Well...
This happened when the thin, white roots were domesticated into larger, tasty roots that have a strong flavor and biennial flower.
Wild corn was a far cry from the corn that we have come to know and love. It was initially known as the teosinte plant, which was barely edible. Domesticated in 7,000 BC, it eventually became the wild corn that's pictured above. According to an infographic by chemistry teacher James Kennedy, it was dry as potatoes are.
Modern corn, however, is a staggering 1,000 times larger than its ancestor. As a result, it's a lot easier to peel and grow. What's more is that 6.6 percent of it is made up of sugar whereas just 1.9 percent of natural corn is made up of sugar. Despite corn being around for such a long time, most of these changes were implemented after the 15th century by European settlers in the US.
I'm glad that I wasn't around in 4,000 BC - otherwise, I'd have definitely gotten peaches and cherries mixed up. Domesticated around 4,000 BC by the ancient Chinese, Kennedy revealed that they tasted earthy and salty "like a lentil".
As was the case with corn, modern peaches are a lot larger than their ancestors - 64 times larger, in fact. They are also 27 percent juicer and four percent sweeter. This dramatic change is the result of thousands of years of selective breeding.
So there you have it - six common fruits that have been domesticated into perfection. While a lot of people yap on about how bad genetically modified fruits are for your health, the next time you see someone doing it, you might want to inform them that altering our food for our own ends is something that we humans have been doing since the dawn of time.